Thursday, January 24, 2013

Atlantic Blue Crab

 
Atlantic Blue Crab | The Chesapeake and Atlantic blue crab is a crustacean found in the waters of the western Atlantic, the Pacific coast of Central America and the Gulf of Mexico. Its Latin name, Callinectes sapidus (from the Greek calli = "beautiful", nectes = "swimmer", and Latin sapidus = "savory"). On the Pacific coast of Central America, Atlantic blue crab was largely ignored as a source of food and choosing the meat is considered too difficult. It is the Maryland state crustacean and the subject of an extensive fishery.

Mangrove Horseshoe Crab

 
Mangrove Horseshoe Crab | The Mangrove horseshoe crab is a marine chelicerate arthropod. Despite its name, it is more closely related to spiders and scorpions (all in the subphylum Chelicerata) than to crab. It is the only species in the genus Carcinoscorpius. These Mangrove horseshoe crabs can be found in the entire Asia Pacific region in shallow waters with a soft, sandy soils or extensive mudflats. The Mangrove horseshoe crab is benthopelagic, most of his life close to or at the bottom of a body of their brackish, swampy water habitats such as mangroves.

Japanese Spider crab

 

Japanese Spider crab | The Japanese spider crab is a species of marine crab that lives in the waters around Japan. Japanese spider crabs are mainly located on the southern shores of the Japanese island of Honshu from Tokyo to Kagoshima Prefecture. Rural populations are found in Iwate Prefecture and off Su-ao in Taiwan. Adults can be found at a depth of 600 meters, or as shallow as 50 meters. It has the largest leg span of all arthropods, up to 3.8 meters and weighing up to 41 pounds. It is the subject of small-scale fisheries.

Chinstrap Penguin

 

Chinstrap Penguin | The Chinstrap penguin is a kind of penguin which is found in the South Sandwich Islands, Antarctica, the South Orkneys, South Shetland, South Georgia, Bouvet Island and Balleny. Chinstrap penguin usually breeds on hill slopes and rocky areas in colonies, sometimes huge. Their name is derived from the narrow black band under their heads, making it seem like they are wearing black helmets, making them one of the most easily recognized species of penguins. Other names for them are "Ringed penguins," "Bearded penguins", and "Stone cracker penguins" because of their hard call.

Humboldt Penguin

 

Humboldt Penguin | The Humboldt penguin, also called Peruvian Penguin, or Patranca is a South American penguin, which breeds in coastal Peru and Chile. The closest relatives are the African Penguin, the Magellanic Penguin and the Galápagos Penguin. Humboldt penguin is named after the cold water swims in the current, which in turn is named after Alexander von Humboldt, an explorer. They enjoy the warmer climate compared with many other species of penguins out there. They live on the rocky areas around the banks.

Moorish Idol

 

Moorish Idol | The Moorish idol is a small marine fish, the only existing representative of the family Zanclidae (from the Greek zagkios, "oblique") to Perciform. A common inhabitant of tropical to subtropical reefs and lagoons, the Moorish idol is notable for its wide distribution across the Indo-Pacific. Some Coral Butterflies (genus Heniochus) closely resemble the Moorish idol. It is closely related to, if not a direct descendant of the extinct Eozanclus brevirhostris, from the Middle Eocene of Monte Bolca. The Moorish idol was named by the Moors of Africa who supposedly believed the fish on a bringer of happiness. Moorish idols are popular aquarium fish, but despite their popularity, they are notorious for short life aquarium and sensitivity.

Reef Triggerfish

 

Reef Triggerfish | The reef, rectangular or wedge-tail triggerfish, also known by its Hawaiian name, humuhumunukunukuāpuaa, also spelled Humuhumunukunukuapua'a or just humuhumu for short, which means "triggerfish with a snout like a pig," is one of several types triggerfish. Classified as Rhinecanthus rectangulus, is endemic to the salt water coasts of various central and south Pacific islands. It is often claimed that the Hawaiian name is one of the longest words in the Hawaiian language, and that "the name is longer than the fish." The Reef triggerfish is also known as the Wedge-tail triggerfish, the rectangular triggerfish and the V-line Humu Humu. It is often confused with the Picasso Trigger. The Reef triggerfish is the official state fish of Hawaii.

Manta Ray

 

Manta Ray | The Manta ray is the largest species of rays in the family Myliobatidae. It varies very waters of the world, typically around coral reefs. Manta rays are strong pelagic swimmers, possibly capable of open ocean to the stabbing, and so often one or more hosts or clinging remora sucker fish. Remoras their first dorsal fin modified into a sucking disk. While not directly harm their hosts remoras (apart from sore skin, which is connected), manta rays do use more energy when swimming with them. There are few places more awe inspiring for divers than watching manta rays performing their graceful somersaults. These beautiful animals are often seen feeding alone or in small groups near the surface at Thailand dive sites such as Koh Bon, Komodo in Indonesia, Maldives, Myanmar in Blackrock, Kadavu in Fiji, and other near shore waters with coral rocky reefs and scuba.

Clown Triggerfish

 

Clown Triggerfish | The Clown triggerfish is triggerfish from the order Tetraodontiformes. This reef-associated fish is commonly found in the tropical Indo-Pacific. Clown triggerfish are one of the most colorful fish meet in diving and a great opportunity for pictures. Unfortunately they are rather shy and camera are very good at turning their back or move away, just as you are about the shutter press. It's worth persevering but their color and pattern possible marks really show how creative nature can be. These marine animals are very aptly named the "clowns" of the triggerfish family.

Powder Blue Tang

 

Powder Blue Tang | Powder Blue Tang is a good example of how good a rod can be. The color of this fish is a bright light blue with a yellow dorsal fin and tail. The face is darker and outlined in white. This is a moderately expensive and rare fish. The Powder Blue Tang can be found in the Indian Ocean and Western Pacific. Its yield ranges from East Africa to the Andaman Sea, Christmas Island, and Bali in Indonesia. The Powder Blue Tang lives in shallow, clear coastal reefs and the island. It is usually found on reef flats and slopes along the upper ocean. He lives alone or in combinations which together form large feeding.

Green Iguana

 

Green Iguana | The Green iguana is undoubtedly one of the most popular pet reptile world. Green iguana or Common iguana is a large tree herbivorous lizards of the genus Iguana. Green iguanas come from the rainforests of northern Mexico to southeastern Brazil, where temperatures and humidity are high. Green iguanas inhabit most tropical forests near water, although they avoid areas of the deep woods where the sun can not reach the ground to the nest to breed. Often found in captivity as pets because of his quiet nature and the bright colors, the demanding to ensure well. Space requirements and the need for special lighting and heat can prove challenging to an amateur hobbyist.

Rainbow Parrot Fish

 

Rainbow Parrot Fish | Parrot fish named for their calcareous bird-like beak. Parrot fish use these beaks to crush and eat the small invertebrates that live in coral. Much of the sand and the sea floor of coral reefs are actually remains of meals from the Parrot fish, coral chew it, eat the invertebrates and spit out the remaining calcium. In most species, the first phase is dull red, brown or gray, while the terminal phase is vivid green or blue with bright pink or yellow spots. The remarkably different terminal and the first phases were first described as distinct species in some cases, but there are some species where the phases are similar.

Blue Iguana

 

Blue Iguana | The Blue Iguana or Grand Cayman Iguana is a critically endangered species of lizard of the genus Cyclura endemic to the island of Grand Cayman. The Blue Iguana prefers to live in rocky, sunny, open areas in dry forests or near the coast, as the females must dig holes in the sand to lay eggs in June and July. Their species name, lewisi, comes from the naturalist who first wrote about them, Bernard C. Lewis. Even back in 1938, Lewis understood their rarity, saying that he doubted more than a dozen, also lived on the island. Blue Iguanas live naturally in only one location, Grand Cayman, a 76 square mile island in the Caribbean Sea. These iguanas are also one of the longest living species of lizard, with the oldest on record to die at age 69.

Ballonn Fish

 

Ballonn Fish | Balloon fish are known for their large eyes, spines and their ability to swell like a balloon when attacked. Adult balloon fishes occur on shallow reefs and the mangroves in the open land areas, including seagrass beds and rocky substrates. Swimming closely to the ground, they are found at depths ranging from two-100m below the surface of the water. The Balloon fish is circumtropically fish anywhere in the world oceans, including the western Atlantic from Florida and the Bahamas, south of Brazil. It is also present in the eastern Atlantic Ocean and the western central and eastern Pacific.

Porbeagle Shark

 

Porbeagle Shark | The Porbeagle shark is a member of the mackerel shark family, like the great white shark and the Mako, and bears a resemblance to both types. A widespread species, it exists in the western Atlantic Ocean from Newfoundland to New Jersey, although it rarely ventures south of New England and probably ranges from southern Brazil to Argentina. The Porbeagle shark is one of the most cold tolerant species of pelagic sharks in the world, prefer water temperatures below 18 C. The porbeagle is a counter flow heat exchanger in the bloodstream, which makes it possible to maintain a body temperature 7-10 degrees higher than the ambient temperature of the water.

Sandbar Shark

 

Sandbar Shark | The Sandbar shark is a kind of requiem shark, family Carcharhinidae. The Sandbar shark is also called Thick skin shark or Brown shark. It is one of the largest coastal sharks in the world, and is closely related to the Dusky shark, Bignose shark and ull shark. It is very common along the coast of the Mid-Atlantic states, sand banks to expand into the western Atlantic from southern Massachusetts to southern Brazil. In the eastern Pacific, which occur around the Hawaiian, Galapagos, and Revillagigedo Islands. The Sandbar shark, true to its nickname, is often found on muddy or sandy bottoms in shallow coastal waters such as bays, estuaries, harbors, or the mouths of the rivers, but also swim in deeper waters.

Sand Tiger Shark

 

Sand Tiger SharkSand tiger shark is the most commonly reported along the Atlantic beaches. The Sand tiger shark, Gray nurse shark, Spotted ragged tooth shark, or Slue-nurse sand tiger is a species that inhabits coastal waters worldwide. It lives near the shores and beaches of North America, hence the name Sand tiger shark. It also lives in the waters of Japan, Australia and South Africa. Usually accidentally caught by fishing other fish wheels surf, sand tigers are slow and offer little resistance when hooked. In the western Atlantic Ocean, resulting from the Gulf of Maine to Argentina.

Atlantic Wolffish

 

Atlantic Wolffish | Eel-like in body shape, the Atlantic wolffish are blenny family members to live in the cold Arctic waters of the Atlantic and Pacific. They are members of the family Anarhichadidae that includes seven species. The Atlantic wolffish also known as the Seawolf, Atlantic catfish, ocean catfish, eel wolf (the generic name of the Pacific relative), or sea cat, is a marine fish, the largest of the catfish family Anarhichadidae. Although it looks frightening, the Atlantic wolffish is only a threat to humans in defending itself from the water. The Atlantic wolffish inhabit both the west and east coasts of the Atlantic Ocean.

American Goosefish



 

American Goosefish | The American goosefish is described as largely a mouth with attached tail. A member of the family Lophiidae of deep-sea angler fish, the ugly, bottom-dwelling species of temperate waters is not a targeted gamefish, but occasionally caught by fishermen deep water below. More than two dozen species of angler fish exist worldwide, with American goosefish among them the biggest fish. American goosefish is also called Goosefish, American anglerfish, All-mouth or Fishing frog. It is native to the eastern coast of North America. It is found on sandy soils, gravel, shell fragments, mud and clay.sand soils, gravel, shell fragments, mud and clay.

Mahi Mahi



 

Mahi Mahi | Mahi Mahi is also known as dorado or dolphin fish grow rapidly. They are among the finest of all fish. The Mahi Mahi is a pelagic fish found in off-shore temperate, tropical and subtropical waters throughout the world. It is one of only two members of the coryphaenidae family, the other being the Pompano dolphinfish. This fish is one of the top offshore gamefish among the fishermen and is an excellent, hard fighting species that puts on an acrobatic show once sold. Mahi Mahi has slim and streamlined body, tapered sharply from head to tail. Large male, called bulls, have high, vertical foreheads, while the female's forehead is rounded. The anal fin is 25-31 soft radiation and is long, which extends over half the length of the body. The dorsal fin has 55 to 66 soft rays. The tail fin is very forked, there are no protrusions in one of the fins and the mouth has bands of fine teeth.

Spider

 

Spider | Spiders are famous of fears, stories and mythologies of various cultures for centuries. They have symbolized patience due to their hunting technique of setting webs and waiting for a prey, but also evil and malice for the painful death of their poison causes. Web-spinning also caused the association of the spider with creation myths as they appear on the ability to produce their own worlds. In science, spiders have breathing arthropods that have eight legs and chelicerae with fangs that inject poison. Spiders are found worldwide in all continents except Antarctica, and have settled in nearly every habitat except the air and sea colonization.

Roosterfish



 

Roosterfish | Roosterfish is a beautiful light-tackle gamefish and a member of the Carangidae family of jacks, so called after the crest of long dorsal spines that extends far above the body of the fish. It is used locally for its excellent quality food fish and marketed fresh. Roosterfish is a game fish in the marine waters around Guatemala, Mexico, Nicaragua, Costa Rica and Panama, and in the eastern Pacific from Baja California to Peru. Roosterfish inhabit shallow coastal waters, such as sandy shores along the beaches. They are often found around rock outcroppings and rocky islands. Young fish are often found in tidal pools.

Corn Snake

 

Corn Snake | Corn snakes, also known as Red Rat snakes are large, powerful, and non-venomous constrictor in the genus Elaphe. The name "corn snake" is a relic from the days when southern farmers stored harvested ears in a wooden frame or log building called a cradle. Rats and mice came the corn crib to feed on the corn, and corn snakes came to feed on the rodents. Corn snakes are found in wooded groves, rocky slopes, meadows, woodlots, barns and abandoned buildings. Corn snakes are found throughout the southeastern and central United States. However, Corn snakes are most abundant in Florida and the southeastern U.S.

Leopard Gecko

 

Leopard Gecko | Leopard gecko is a nocturnal ground-dwelling lizard that occurs naturally in the deserts of South-Central Asia, and the rest of Pakistan, on the northwestern parts of India. It is located where the terrain is dry and rocky. Leopard geckos live on and under the ground and are nocturnal. As nocturnal animals, they spend all day hidden under rocks or in burrows to escape the heat by day and emerge at dusk to feed themselves by hunting insects. Unlike most geckos, Leopard geckos have movable eyelids. It has become an established and popular pet in captivity. These Geckos are solitary, and usually do not live with other animals. 

 

Scientific classification
Kingdom:     Animalia
Phylum:     Chordata
Class:     Reptilia
Order:     Squamata
Suborder:     Lacertilia
Family:     Gekkonidae
Subfamily:     Eublepharinae
Genus:     Eublepharis
Species:     E. macularius

Leopard geckos are usually large for a gecko. Found in the wild usually have a dark, dull and gray color than those kept in captivity as pets. Those in captivity generally have a range of skin colors and patterns. The skin of a leopard gecko is very durable, which protects against the rough sand and rocky terrain of their dry environment. Their dorsal side is covered with small bumps, which has a rough texture and appearance, while their belly is thin, transparent, and smooth. Like all reptiles, Leopard geckos shed their skin. In the few days before shedding, the skin will change color to a translucent whitish gray. Adults shed an average of once a month, while the young will sometimes throw twice. The gecko eats after shedding its old skin, revealing a lighter color. 

 

A Leopard gecko has a triangular head and a large tail, which stores the fat. His skin is bumpy and heavy pattern. The cartridges are designed for the gecko to camouflage from predators. Moreover, Leopard geckos are ectothermic. They absorb heat and energy during the day when they sleep so they can hunt and digest food at night. They also have short legs, allowing them to be quick and agile, while their small nails enable them to branches and rocks to climb. Leopard geckos have openings on both sides of their head as ears. A covers and protects the eardrum. They use their ears to locate their prey. HealthyLeopard geckos  have a thick, fleshy tail, while a thin tail is an indication that the gecko is not healthy and may be lacking power. 

 

Leopard geckos have predators such as snakes, frogs, and foxes and other large reptiles. Their acute hearing and sight helping them to escape during the night. Along with their exceptional vision and hearing skills, their skin helps to camouflage themselves from their predators. Their sense of taste and smell also helps them to survive. The shedding of their skin also removes any odor markers left for potential predators to detect. If they are threatened, frightened, or scared, Leopard geckos noise to ward off predators feel. Also, they remain in underground burrows and caves during the day, not only avoid the heat, but also prevent the risk of getting eaten. 


 

Leopard gecko is an excellent pet. They are small, have minimal care needs, and can be left alone for severals days. They are quiet, no smell, and do not need attention. Leopard geckos are cheap and readily available at pet stores and breeders. They do not have much space. They have a large number of colors and pattern variations. Leopard geckos are the perfect pet lizard.

Savannah Monitor

 

Savannah Monitor | Savannah monitor is a monitor lizard species from Africa. The species is known as the Bosc's Monitor in Europe since the French scientist Louis Bosc first described the species. Comes from Africa, Savannah monitors have a dry, warm environment for them to thrive in. They spend most of their time in the wild basking in the sun. The range stretches across sub-Saharan Africa from Senegal to Eritrea and northern Zaire. Savannah monitor is primarily a ground dwelling species that shelters in burrows, although sometimes in bushes or low trees. In the coastal plain of Ghana, Savannah monitor youth often associated with the burrows of the great cricket Brachytrupes.

Orchid Mantis

 

Orchid Mantis | Orchid Mantis is a wonderful mantis with lobes on his legs that look like flower pentals. Although this species does not live on orchids, it looks particularly good as a flower or orchid. This variety is very popular and loved for its beautiful bright colors and beautiful camouflage. Orchid Mantis is a mantis from Malaysia, Indonesia, and the Sumatran rainforests. These mantises thrive in moist, warm areas of South East Asian rainforests. These mantis can be found on papaya trees, orchids, or frangipani trees with flowers.

Brown Recluse Spider

 

Brown Recluse Spider | Brown recluse spider or violin spider is a spider with a venomous bite. Brown recluse spiders build irregular webs that often shelter consists of disordered wires. The wild species lives in the southern states, ranging from central Texas to western Georgia and the internal variation resides in the lower reaches of the Midwest. They frequently build their webs in woodpiles and sheds, closets, garages, plenum, cellars and other places that are dry and generally undisturbed. If residence in human dwellings, they seem cardboard preferred, possibly because it mimics the rotting tree bark which they naturally inhabit. They are also found in shoes, in cupboards, bed sheets of underutilized beds, clothes piled or stacked or left lying on the floor, inside work gloves, behind baseboards and pictures, in toilets and near sources of heat when ambient temperatures are lower than usual.

Silvery Blue Butterfly

 

Silvery Blue ButterflySilvery Blue Butterfly are small, iridescent blue butterflies found in North America and Canada. Their wingspan is only 7 - 8 inch to 1 - 1/4 inch wide and they are found in a wide range of habitats, from coastal dunes and prairies. Although the species as a whole is abundant, is a subspecies (palosverdesensis) with extinction, with a rank of T1 by the Nature Conservancy (worldwide critically endangered by the extreme rarity), and another (xerces) is considered extinct.

Spicebush Swallowtail

 

Spicebush Swallowtail | Spicebush Swallowtail is a common black swallowtail butterfly found in North America, also known as the Green-Clouded butterfly. It has two subspecies, Papilio troilus troilus and Papilio troilus ilioneus, mainly found in the Florida peninsula. Spicebush Swallowtail derives its name from its most common host plant, the spicebush, members of the genus Lindera. This predominantly Spicebush Swallowtail is normal in deciduous woods or woody swamps, where they can be found flying low and fast through shaded areas. Women tend to stay in open plains, while males are usually found in wetlands.

Question Mark Butterfly

 

Question Mark ButterflyQuestion Mark Butterfly is a North American butterfly. It is their name from their wings. The wings of butterflies question mark attached. They live in wooded areas and city parks, or in general in areas where trees and open spaces are provided. His flight from May to September. Their sources of food rotting fruit, tree sap, dung or carrion, but if nothing is available that they visit flowers for nectar. Like other species in the order of Lepidoptera, the Question Mark Butterfly is an insect that four stages of life, also known as holometabolis or complete metamorphosis. These four stages of life are embyro (ova or egg), larva (in this case, caterpillar), pop (pop), and image (or adult / butterfly).

Common Buckeye Butterfly

 

Common Buckeye ButterflyCommon Buckeye Butterfly or simply Buckeye is a butterfly in the family Nymphalidae. It is found in southern Manitoba, Ontario, Quebec and Nova Scotia and all parts of the United States except the northwest, and is especially common in the south, the California coast, and throughout Central America and Colombia. The sub-species of Junonia coenia bergi is endemic on the island of Bermuda. Its habitat is open areas with low vegetation and some bare ground. This species and its relatives were formerly placed in the genus Precis.

Snow Leopard

 

Snow Leopard | Snow leopard is one of the beautiful big cat found on Earth. They are distributed in the following countries: Afghanistan, Bhutan, China, India, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Mongolia, Nepal, Pakistan, Russia, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan. They live between 3,000 and 5,500 meters above sea level in the rocky mountains of these countries. The montain range includes Hindukush, Tian Shan, Karakoram, Kashmir and the Himalayas. It is also found in the Siberian region couthern. The total population of Snow leopard is not exactly known. It is believed that around 3000-5000 snow leopards live in the wild.

Golden Eagle

 

Golden Eagle | Golden eagle is one of the best known birds of prey in the northern hemisphere. Like all eagles, it belongs to the family Accipitridae. Golden eagles more widely distributed than any other eagle. Unlike North America, Golden eagles can be found in Europe, North Africa and Asia. The highest density of nesting Golden Eagles in the world located in southern Alameda County, California. These birds are dark brown, with lighter golden-brown feathers on their head and neck. Golden eagle is a solitary bird, which can be found in remote areas. They do not congregate in large numbers in winter.

Red Squirrel

 

Red Squirrel | Red squirrel or Eurasian red squirrel is a species of tree squirrel in the genus Sciurus, it is common throughout Eurasia. Red squirrel is a tree, omnivorous rodent. The red squirrel is found in both coniferous forest and temperate broadleaf forests. In America Red squirrel can be found in most parts of Alaska and Canada. It is also found in the Rocky Mountain states and in the eastern United States south to northern Virginia and west to Illinois, Indiana and Ohio. In Britain and Ireland, the number of Red squirrel have dropped dramatically in recent years, partly due to the introduction of the eastern gray squirrel from North America.

Longhorn Cowfish

Longhorn Cowfish | Longhorn Cowfish, Lactoria cornuta, is a lot of Ostraciidae boxfish family, recognizable by its long horns that protrude from the front of the head, and as a cow or bull. They are located in the Indo-Pacific Ocean and can grow up to 20 cm in length. Although poorly suited to an aquarium at home, Cowfish is becoming increasingly popular as a pet.

Thistle Mantis

 

Thistle Mantis | Thistle mantis is also known as Devil's Flower Mantis, Egyptian Flower Mantis, and Arab Mantis. It is a kind of praying mantis in Asia and Africa, in countries like Egypt, Algeria, Ethiopia, India, Israel, Libya, Morocco, Pakistan, Somalia, Sudan, Tunisia, Turkey and Cyprus. Thistle mantis is becoming increasingly popular is in captivity, and with its stunning looks and wild nature, it is understandable. 
Scientific classification
Kingdom:     Animalia
Phylum:     Arthropoda
Class:     Insecta
Order:     Mantodea
Family:     Empusidae
Genus:     Blepharopsis
Species:     B. mendica

Sturgeon

Sturgeon | The Sturgeon  or European, and Kaluga (Huso huso) is a species of anadromous fish in the sturgeon family (Acipenseridae) of Acipenseriformes order. It is found mainly in the basins of the Black Sea and Caspian, and sometimes in the Adriatic Sea. Very valuable fished for roe of the female known as Sturgeon caviar Sturgeon is a huge fish and a late maturing, which can live for numbers 118 species of years.The were significantly reduced by overfishing and poaching, which prompting many governments to adopt restrictions on trade. Most similar to Sturgeon Huso Huso huso is dauricus kaluga, also called the "Sturgeon River".